Texas now and then

This week in the Hill Country

20TH ANNUAL AUSTIN CHAMBER MUSIC FESTIVAL
Bates Recital Hall, 2406 Robert Dedman Driveaustin-chamber-music
July 8, 2016 – July 24, 2016
Recurring weekly on Sunday, Friday, Saturday
Time: 7:30 PM to 10:00 PM
Price: $12- $55

BLUES ON THE GREEN

Zilker Metropolitan Park
2100 Barton Springs Rd.
Austin, TX
July 13, 2016
Time: 8:00 PM
Price: Free

Yesterday’s News

It’s all bad news, this week. Sorry about that!

kiowa-and-caddoans1859    The Texas legislature abolished the Texas Indian reservations and placed the Indians under the charge of federal officials whose plan was to remove the Indians from the state. The removal process was set in motion on July 31, 1859, when 1,112 Indians, including 235 Anadarkos, were escorted by a military regiment to the Wichita reservation in western Oklahoma. This is from an article about José María, Anadarko chief, diplomat, and proponent of peaceful relations with whites, was born sometime around 1800, probably in the region of present-day Nacogdoches. The residents of that area, a small Caddoan-speaking group known as the Anadarkos, were successful agriculturalists, long-range traders, and members of the Hasinai Confederacy, the largest grouping of Caddoan peoples in Texas.

The illustration (from Wikimedia Commons) shows a group of Kiowa and Caddoan Indians confined in Fort Marion at St. Augustine, Florida. It’s as close as I can get. There were Kiowas and Caddoans in Texas at the same time.

1919    Lemuel Walters, a black man, was murdered by a white mob in Longview. The Longview Race Riot occurred during the Red Summer -May to October of 1919. It was the second of twenty-five major racial conflicts that occurred throughout the United States during these months. In 1919, Longview, a rural cotton and lumbering community in Northeast Texas, had a population of 5,700; 31 percent were black. Walters was safely locked in the Gregg County Jail until the sheriff willingly handed him over to a white mob. The article doesn’t say why he was in jail, but it does say he and an unnamed white woman from Kilgore were in love. Perhaps he was caught holding hands with her.

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